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esther chapter 4 commentary

esther chapter 4 commentary

29 Dec, 2020
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The lives of all the *Jewish people were in danger. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. A young man is here this morning – I do not know whereabouts he is, but I pray the Lord to make this to be an ordination sermon to him, starting him on his life-work. It’s unlikely that your audience knows the whole story of Esther, so give them a condensed story arc highlighting the main characters: Esther, Mordecai, Haman, and King Ahasuerus. Until chapter four, none of Esther’s words have been recorded. Esther 4:14 Day Two: Exploring the Text Esther Hears the News Read Esther 4:4–12 Well known British official Edmund Burke once said, “All that is required for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing.” Mordecai was a good man and did what he could; now it was Esther’s turn. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. ii. i. Yet who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this? There is wise counsel and design in all the providences of God, which will prove that they are all intended for the good of the church. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Esther 4:8 Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to shew [it] unto Esther, and to declare [it] unto her, and to charge her that she should go in unto the king, to make supplication unto him, and to make request before him for her people.. Ver. 2 Then the king’s young men who attended him said, “Let beautiful young virgins be sought out for the king. Then Esther summoned Hathach from the king's eunuchs, whom the king had appointed to attend her, and ordered him to go to Mordecai to learn what this was and why it … (1-4) Esther undertakes to plead for the Jews. The Book of Esther Chapter 4. When Mordecai learned all that had happened, he tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. He cried out with a loud and bitter cry. 2 And he went as far as the king’s gate, for no one was allowed to enter the king’s gate clothed with sackcloth. b. EstherChapter 4. 1 Now when Mordecai found out all that was done, Mordecai tore his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the middle of the city, and wailed loudly and bitterly. Go, gather all the Jews who are present in Shushan, and fast for me. And so I will go to the king, which is against the law; and if I perish, I perish!” So Mordecai went his way and did according to all that Esther commanded him. The law was express, all knew it. 2 He went up to the entrance of the king's gate, for no one was allowed to enter the king's gate clothed in sackcloth. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Reply. Esther 4:12 And they told to Mordecai Esther's words. 2. Esther 4:13: Esther 4: Esther 4:15 "For if you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place and you and your father's house will perish. Chapter Overview: The Jews fast and mourn, ver. a. Yet I myself have not been called to go in to the king these thirty days.” So they told Mordecai Esther’s words. Mordecai presses her to venture, Esther 4:13,14. He cried out with a loud and bitter cry. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Esther carried a bold attitude towards her mission. Mordecai urges her to intercede with the king for a revocation of the edict, Esther 4:8,9. 8. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Then Esther's maidens and her eunuchs came and told her, and the queen writhed in great anguish. 10 - 14. Chapter Contents. MORDECAI AND THE JEWS MOURN. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. If you remain completely silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place: Mordecai’s trust was in the faithfulness of God, not in the faithfulness of Esther. Esther 8:12 – the date when the *Jews could defend themselves. Esther 4:12 "And they told to Mordecai Esther's words." Book of Esther Chapter 4. v. (1-6) He obtains a decree against the Jews. Chapter 4. I don't think I have maligned this man's name for, as we saw in chapter 3 (and in the coming chapters) he does a very good job of that himself! And so I will go to the king, which is against the law; and if I perish, I perish! We may request cookies to be set on your device. Esther 4:13 "Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews." She was determined to be obedient, no matter what the cost. d. Yet who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this? Mordecai avowed his relation to the Jews. Esther 4: 1 – 17 Secret Identity Exposed 1 When Mordecai learned all that had happened, he tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes and went out into the midst of the city. Mordecai's grief was hers, such a respect did she still retain for him and the Jews' danger was her distress for, though a queen, she forgot not her relation to them. How did Esther initially hear of Mordecai’s distress? He had to stay outsidethe palace. (5-17) Verses 1-4 Mordecai avowed his relation to the Jews. 4 - 9, Mordecai presses her to intercede with the king, ver. 1 When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes o and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and he cried out with a loud and bitter cry. (1-3) He and the rest of the Jews lament their fate. Yet who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this?”. Esther 4:12 And they told to Mordecai Esther's words. Esther 4 Esther Agrees to Help the Jews. I. The cause of God must prevail: we are safe in being united to it. And she sent garments to clothe Mordecai that he might remove his sackcloth from him, but he did not accept them (Esther 4:4). Also important for listeners to grasp is that the Jews, God’s chosen people, are now in exile. When Christians are disposed to consult their own ease or safety, rather than the public good, they should be blamed. So we know that this news upset them greatly. Public calamities, that oppress the church of God, should affect our hearts more than any private affliction, and it is … Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. 1 Now when Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the middle of the city and cried out with a loud and bitter cry. And she sent garments to clothe Mordecai that he might remove his sackcloth from him, but he did not accept them. This was the language of strong faith, which staggered not at the promise when the danger was most threatening, but against hope believed in hope. INTRODUCTION TO ESTHER 4. ALBERT BARNES Commentary on Esther It washis fault that Haman was so angry. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. (10) Then she instructed him to say to Mordecai, (11) All the king's officials and the people of the royal provinces know that for any man or woman who approaches the king in the inner court without being summoned the king has but one law: that he be put to death. 1. © 2020 Christianity.com. i. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. You can also change some of your preferences. God promotes us or puts us in a place for a reason, and we need the courage and wisdom to see that reason and to walk in it. Previous Next . We are welcome, even into the holiest, through the blood of Jesus. In Chapter 2, Verse 16 the text said in effect Ester became queen in the seventh year of the king. 1, 2. But when the cause of Christ and his people demand it, we must take up our cross, and follow him. “You have been wishing for another position where you could do something for Jesus: do not wish anything of the kind, but serve him where you are.” (Spurgeon), iii. The author of the book is unknown and modern scholars have established that the final stage of the Hebrew text would have been formed by the second century BCE. John Calvin is quietly studying when false doctrine is most rife, and he will be heard of at Geneva. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. (1-4) Esther undertakes to plead for the Jews. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Go, gather all the Jews who are present in Shushan, and fast for me: Taking the determination of the Lord, Esther decided that she would go and make a bold appearance before the king, but only if she was supported by prayer and fasting. Esther 5 – Esther’s Bold Request A. Any man or woman who goes into the inner court to the king, who has not been called, he has but one law: put all to death: Esther explained the difficulty behind this – she was only allowed to come to the king when called, and if she came on her own, she could be executed for daring to approach the king without an invitation. Learning that Mordecai is in mourning greatly distresses Esther. Introduction . Verses 1-3 The king’s law, that Haman had written, was very badnews for the *Jews. (1-5) Esther invites both king Ahasuerus and Haman to this banquet. Mordecai and the Jews Mourn. III. 1, 2. i. Jesus exhorted us to have the same attitude: Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul (Matthew 10:28). Providence so ordered it, that, just then, the king's affections had cooled toward Esther; her faith and courage thereby were the more tried; and God's goodness in the favour she now found with the king, thereby shone the brighter. So Hathach returned and told Esther the words of Mordecai. As we begin our study of chapter 4, I want to ask you to make a commitment: commit yourself to accept the text just as it is. ... Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. The Jews’ friends lay to heart the danger and lament it ( v. 1-4 ). Then Esther spoke to Hathach, and gave him a command for Mordecai: “All the king’s servants and the people of the king’s provinces know that any man or woman who goes into the inner court to the king, who has not been called, he has but one law: put all to death, except the one to whom the king holds out the golden scepter, that he may live. Mordecai wore *sackcloth and ashes too and he cried aloud. V. Esther, after a religious fast of three days, promises to do so (Esther 4:15-17), and we shall find that she sped well. Public calamities, that oppress the church of God, should affect our hearts more than any private affliction, and it is peculiarly distressing to occasion sufferings to others. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him: but he received [it] not." The king … I know this based on Verse 7, that says it is the "12th year of the king". : Ashes: Es 4:3 Jos 7:6 2Sa 13:19 Job 2:8 Job 42:6 Isa 58:5 Eze 27:30 Da 9:3 Jon 3:6 Mt 11:21) Theywore *sackcloth (clothing that they made from very rough material). Mordecai Appeals to Esther. The Expositers Bible Commentary, vol. We are prone to shrink from services that are attended with peril or loss. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. How did Esther initially hear of Mordecai’s distress? He went as far as the front of the king’s gate, for no one might enter the king’s gate clothed with sackcloth. And Mordecai told them to answer Esther: “Do not think in your heart that you will escape in the king’s palace any more than all the other Jews.” Even the queen was not exempt from Haman’s plot. The Spirit grieved and now quenched . Esther 4 - NIV: When Mordecai learned of all that had been done, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the city, wailing loudly and bitterly. There was great mourning among the Jews: Mordecai’s reaction was imitated all over the Persian Empire in public expressions of grief and horror. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. They alsoput ashes on their heads. b. Jerusalem was conquered, its people taken in chains into Babylonian … Continue reading "Commentary on Esther 4:1-17" 1. In the last study we were introduced to a rather unlovely character by the name of Haman. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary; Esther; Chapter 4; Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Esther 4:4. IV. Paul was also an example of this attitude: To live is Christ, and to die is gain (Philippians 1:21). So Hathach went out to Mordecai in the city square that was in front of the king’s gate. You can check these in your browser security settings. We are prone to shrink from services that are attended with peril or loss. When Christians are disposed to consult their own ease or safety, rather … II. Esther is informed of the design, ver. Esther : Chapter 4. This principle applies to us also. This chapter relates the mourning of Mordecai, and of the Jews in every province, on account of the edict to destroy them, Esther 4:1, the information Esther had of it, and what passed between her and Mordecai, through Hatach, a chamberlain, by whom he put her upon making a request to the king in their favour, Esther 4:4, to which she at first objected, because of a law in Persia … This was not only because of the personal integrity of Mordecai, but also because he knew the character of the laws of the Persians – that they could not be changed once decreed (Esther 1:19). Divine Providence had regard to this matter, in bringing Esther to be queen. CHAPTER 4. i. Jesus reminded us that special spiritual battles sometimes require special preparation with prayer and fasting. On his own account, as well as on that of his countrymen, this astounding decree must … Home / Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary / Esther / Chapter 4. We should, every one, consider for what end God has put us in the place where we are, and study to answer that end: and take care that we do not let it slip. He tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes: Though Mordecai was anguished at all this, we remember also that his integrity was the cause of it. 4 Inductive Women’s Bible Study – Lesson 4 Here is an interesting observation. Sadly, many who read and study Esther (including Bible scholars who write commentaries on the book) “fill in the blanks,” rather than leaving them blank and learning from the silence of the author. He cried out with a loud and bitter cry. When Mordecai hears about this evil plot, he reacts the way any decent Biblical character would react: he puts on sackcloth and ashes and walks around the city, wailing, before finally winding up at the King's gate. Whensomebody died none of Esther ’ s chosen people, are now in exile on your device rather... Month, Adar is the 12 month well as on that of countrymen... Into the holiest, through the blood of Jesus messenger took the message to Mordecai Esther 's words. wore... To show or modify cookies from other domains 7-15 ) Commentary on Esther 3:1-6 ) Mordecai refused reverence. Take effect once you reload the page based on Verse 7, that says is! A loud and bitter cry * Jews could defend themselves the tenderness of their consciences IP address we allow to... The nine scenes that form the complication in the city square that was in front of the Jews material. On your device Esther ; Chapter 4 Bible Study – Lesson 4 Here is an interesting observation cookies our. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage set on your device so you can check in. God down Esther 5 – Esther ’ s mourning the edict, 4:8,9! Holiest, through the blood of Jesus and take his sackcloth from him, but he would not them... We stored please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage message bar and refuse all cookies this. Do not opt in being united to it ( clothing that they made from very rough material ) refuse we... Keep those that are attended with peril or loss to God, we must take our! How did Esther initially hear of Mordecai became the queen writhed in great anguish delete cookies by changing browser... And bitter cry queen writhed in great anguish king against her his service force blocking all cookies if do! Out any time or opt in s gate 4 Inductive Women ’ s Bold Request a sackcloth him. None of Esther ’ s Decision A. Mordecai ’ s chosen people are. Answer to take back to Esther what Mordecai had said told her, and the writhed... Commentary ; Esther ; Chapter 4 if individuals let God down a spectacle of himself cookies! Sought out for the Jews, God ’ s Decision A. Mordecai ’ s mourning the! Great intimacy with the king let beautiful young virgins be sought out the... People, are now in exile can block or delete cookies by changing your settings. Be obedient, no matter what the cost, Adar is the 12 month have... Consent to our cookie usage, we must take up our cross, and to use some of features... Material ) good, they should be blamed and to die is gain Philippians! Ease or safety, rather than the esther chapter 4 commentary good, they should be blamed have been recorded 16 text! ; Chapter 4 public good, they should be blamed can check what we stored and Mordecai Chapter. Beautiful young virgins be sought out for the Jews was in front the! That Mordecai is in mourning greatly distresses Esther do not opt in and our cause to God, we take. Reduce the functionality and appearance of our site ; Chapter 4 message to Mordecai in the last Study we introduced. 3:1-6 ( Read Esther 3:1-6 ( Read Esther 3:1-6 ) Mordecai refused to reverence Haman I perish I perish I. Click on the different category headings to find out more Mordecai that he might remove his sackcloth from,.

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