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ju 88 stuka

ju 88 stuka

29 Dec, 2020
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The Ju 88 P-3 also used the twin BK 3,7 guns, and added further armor for the crew, and was delivered at one Staffel of the Nachtschlachtgruppen 1, 2, 4, 8 and 9 for night attacks in the Eastern Front, in northern Norway (NSGr 8) and Italy (NSGr 9). [32] By this time, major performance deficiencies in the A-1 led to an all-out effort in a major design rework. two 1,340-hp Junkers Jumo 211J-1 12-cylinder inverted-vee liquid-cooled engines, 292 mph (470 km/hr) at 17,390 ft (5,300 m), 248 mph (400 km/hr) at 16,405 ft (5,000 m), one 7.92-mm MG 81 (1,200 rpm; velocity 2,477 ft.sec) and one 13-mm MG 131 (930 rpm; velocity 2.461 ft.sec), one 13-mm MG 131 (930 rpm; velocity 2,461 ft.sec), two 7.92-mm MG 81 (1,200 rpm; velocity 2,477 ft.sec), front of ventral gondola (only late models), 1,100 lb (500 kg) internal and four external racks rated at 2,200 lb (1,000 kg) (inners) and 1,100 lb (500 kg) (outers) to maximum total bomb load of 6,614 lb (3,000 kg), 10,774 bomber and reconnaissance planes (all versions at least 14,980), Accepted by Luftwaffe 1/39-12/44 (bomber, ground attack, night fighter, reconnaissance), 661 (+2,513 fighters, +3 ground attack, +52 recon), Ju 88's (all) in First Line Units 20.9.42, Ju 88's (all) in First Line Units 31.12.42, 845 (520 bombers, 260 recon, 65 fighters), Ju 88's (all) in First Line Units 10.1.45. the Bloch 210 (first flight November 1934). Junkers Ju 87 B-1 Stuka Wehrmacht Luftwaffe (German Air Force 1935-1945) 2./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 T6+BC | Bonn-Hangelar 1940 . Long-range photo-reconnaissance, fighter variants, based on the stretched Ju 88G-series fuselage. Pre-Owned. [42] The Ju 88s units helped virtually destroy Soviet airpower in the northern sector. The differences between the G-1 and G-2 variants are the wing types utilized. [26] As a result of its small operational numbers, the type made no impact. The Junkers Ju 88 was a German … The wings were strengthened, dive brakes were added, the fuselage was extended and the number of crewmen was increased to four. They selected 12 aircraft and their crews and attached them to 1./Kampfgeschwader 25. An astonishing 104 prototypes and dozens of variant were built, with more than 9,000 produced as bombers. slanted) installation. 484 km/h) at 15,750ft (ca. The Battle of Britain proved very costly. They were strongly armed planes: armament usually made of 3 x 20 mm guns and 3 7.92 MGs in the solid nose, a single 13 mm MG inside the rear cockpit, 2 x 20 mm guns in the ventral gondola, plus eventually 2 x upward firing 20 mm guns in the upper fuselage as ‘Schräge Musik’. [9] Evers and Gassner had worked together at Fokker Aircraft Corporation of America where Gassner had been Chief Engineer. The two Junkers planes shared several parts, including the engines, and from the way it sat in the seabed it reportedly appeared to have been a Ju 87. Along with He 111s from KG 55, Ju 88s from KG 51 and 54 destroyed some 220 trucks and 40 tanks on 1 July, which helped repulse the Soviet South Western Front's offensive. High-speed bomber series based on Ju 88 A-4 but with ventral Bola gondola omitted, smoothly glazed nose with radial-ribbed supports instead of the "beetle's eye" of the A-version, and GM-1 nitrous-oxide boost, fastest of all variants. Throughout production the basic structure of the aircraft remained unchanged. Your email address will not be published. In any event, approximately 15,000 aircraft were produced in various forms from 1939 to 1945. Junkers Ju 88 Design of the Ju-88 began with a study (EF59) which evolved into two parallel designs, Ju-85 and Ju-88. My name is Norman 'Kretaner' and since my childhood I am interested in history and strategy games. However, the variant lacked the undernose Bola gondola for a ventral gun position.[13]. Many Luftwaffe night fighter aces, such as Helmut Lent (110 victories) and Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein (87 victories) flew Ju 88s during their careers. The assembly line ran constantly from 1936 to 1945 and more than 15,000 Ju 88s were built in dozens of variants, more than any other twin-engine German aircraft of the period. For their part, Stukas decimated the opposition. This gun could be also fixed in place with a retractable forward barrel brace for strafing attacks. Aircraft and bomb sights were accordingly modified and dive brakes were removed. Was: Previous Price C $28.11 10% off. The Ju 88 V7 was fitted with cable-cutting equipment to combat the potential threat of British barrage balloons, and was successfully tested in this role. 1 bid. Find Cash Advance, Debt Consolidation and more at Germanaircraftwwii.com. [39], Due to the lack of sufficient numbers of Ju 87 Stukas, the Ju 88 was employed in the direct ground support role. The last war mission was flown on 4 April 1945.[50]. The attacking force lost one aircraft; the Allies had not assigned any fighters to guard Bari as they thought the Luftwaffe incapable of striking in this strength at this stage of the war. Even minor flights of Me 109 fighters could actually inflict devastating losses on these bombers: many times complete bomber flights had been destroyed. A fundamental design characteristic had been that all the crew members were housed jointly, to boost combat moral; however in the Battle of Britain it had been discovered this simply made it hard to include sufficient defensive armament and in the following Ju 188 a significantly bigger crew section had been created. This had occurred when the aircraft were used in dive bombing. Only about 15 of the Berlin systems were completed before V-E Day. Among the many German aircraft designs that participated in the Condor Legion, and as part of other German involvement in the Spanish Civil War, a single Ju 87 A-0 (the V4 prototype) was allocated serial number 29-1 and was assigned to the VJ/88, the experimental Staffel of the Legion's fighter wing. Vickers Wellington I-III (first flight June 1936). At 0415 on 22 June 1941, III./KG 51 attacked the airfield at Kurovitsa. C $6.07. Learn how your comment data is processed. Users: Bulgarian, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Romania. The Luftwaffe committed II./Kampfgeschwader 30 to the campaign under X. Fliegerkorps for Operation Weserübung. [27] The unit was equipped with Ju 88s and engaged Allied shipping as its main target. Ju 88A-4s with 1340/1400hp Jumo 211F/J motors begun arriving in sizeable figures about mid­-1940. C $25.30. When it first flew, it managed about 580 km/h (360 mph) and Hermann Göring, head of the Luftwaffe was ecstatic. [20] Finally, the Ju 88 P-4 mounted a smaller-volume ventral gun pod housing a 5 cm (2.0 in) auto-loading Bordkanone BK 5 cannon (the same ordnance used for the field-improvised handful of Stalingradtyp He 177As created) and, in some cases, 6.5 cm (2.6 in) solid propellant rockets.[20]. Due to these advances, the Ju 88 was to enter the war as a medium bomber. Free shipping. These single-leg landing gear struts also made use of stacks of conical Belleville washers inside them as their main form of suspension for takeoffs and landings. This evolved into the Ju 88D models which had a crew of 4, a light defensive armament, numerous camera housings and extra internal fuel tanks to enhance long-range missions. 44 Sqn, which had previously operated Bristol Blenheims, but these were instead transferred to No. Between July 1942 and July 1944, the Ju 88s of KG 40 and ZG 1 were credited with 109 confirmed air-to-air victories,[17] at a cost of 117 losses. At this point it represented about 1 / 2 of the 317 planes deployed in Long range strategic reconnaissance groups and Weather Observation Squadrons on the Russian front. The Ju 88P-1 was produced in some 40 units, but with the massive cannon installation resulting in a slow and vulnerable aircraft,[20] it was soon replaced by the Ju 88 P-2, featuring two Bordkanone 3.7 cm (1.5 in) BK 3,7 guns, whose higher muzzle velocity proved useful against the Russian tanks in the Eastern Front. Despite destroying 34 Polikarpov I-153s, the Ju 88s were intercepted by 66 ShAP I-153s. The first new radar equipment was the FuG 212 Lichtenstein C-1. Many of the animated segments in films like this were made by the Walt Disney Studios and Warner Brothers Animation. 1:48. In August 1935, the German Ministry of Aviation submitted its requirements for an unarmed, three-seat, high-speed bomber with a payload of 800–1,000 kg (1,800–2,200 lb). [8] He was assisted by Wilhelm Heinrich Evers and American engineer Alfred Gassner. With an advanced Stuvi dive-bombsight, accuracy remained very good for its time. Numerous WW2 ‘experts’ intentionally and automatically give the He 111, as well as a decreased degree the Ju 88, an equal bad promotion like the Allied twin-engine bombers of this time: means, they were significantly weak against enemy fighter opposition and could not really usually operate at daytime without having fighter cover. On the Russian Front in the summer of 1941 comparable stats had been a great deal even worse for the Russians. Design was initiated by Junkers Chief Designer Ernst Zindel. It has been in the game since the start of the Open Beta Test prior to Update 1.27. Manufacturing averaged approximately 2,000 aircraft each year in 1940 to 1943. From United States. Buy It Now +C $51.11 shipping. Production was delayed drastically by developmental problems. Altaya Aviation Junkers Ju87 D-5 Stuka German Diecast Airplane 1:72 Scale . If you are looking for Ju 88 Stuka you've come to the right place. Building up… By August 1940, A-1s and A-5s were reaching operational units just as the battle was intensifying. [49], No. The airplane on display, a Ju 88D-1/Trop (later designated Ju 88D-3), is a long-range photographic reconnaissance version modified for tropical use. Brand New. The Junkers development center at Dessau gave priority to the study of pull-out systems and dive brakes. The Ju 85 was a twin-engined bomber aircraft prototype, designed by Junkers in 1935. This resulted in severe losses from ground fire. A propaganda symbol of Germany's air power and with looks only it's mother could love the formidable Junkers Ju-87 was a fantastic element to Blitzkrieg victories during world war two. This is a comparison between Stuka Siren in Dunkirk and Original Stuka Siren from WW2 (Ju 87). By the summer of 1941, most of the units equipped with the Dornier Do 17 were upgrading to the Ju 88. During the real daylight Battle of Britain between July 10, to October 31, 1940, the Luftwaffe lost 1,922 planes totally demolished, among them 636 Me 109 single-engine fighters. Brand New. The earliest unit operated with Ju 88s was I./KG 30, which had an assortment of pre-production A-0 and A-1 planes to build up numbers in September and October 1939. Stuka was an abbreviated form of Sturzkampfflugzeug. [19], The Ju 88P was a specialized variant for ground attack and to function as a bomber destroyer, designed starting from 1942[20] and produced in small numbers, using examples of the Bordkanone heavy calibre aviation autocannon series, which required the omission of the Bola undernose gondola for clearance. C $1.26. This force was made up of 1000s of twin-engine bombers, mainly the Tupolev SB-2 and SB-2bis. 118–119. "The use of Jonsvatnet as a temporary Airfield during April 1940. Evaluation confirmed these plane were able of delivering a 5,300 lb bomb load transported inside as well as on 4 huge bomb racks on the inner wings. A further 33 were damaged. [5] Design of the Ju-88 began with a study (EF59) which evolved into two parallel designs, Ju-85 and Ju-88. The Junkers Ju 88 is a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft. The C-1 was followed by the C-2 of which 20 aircraft were converted from A-5 airframes with enlarged wingspan. The prototype, derived from a standard Ju 88 A-4, was armed with a 7.5 cm (3.0 in) anti-tank gun derived from the 7.5 cm PaK 40 installed in a large conformal gun pod under the fuselage. CU: German fueling Stuka. This feature allowed the main wheels to end up above the lower end of the strut when fully retracted [N 1] and was adopted as standard for all future production Ju 88s, and only minimally modified for the later Ju 188 and 388 developments of it. C $129.60. The Ju 88B initial maiden-flight was in 1939 with increased effective crew compartment and finally resulted in creation of the Junkers 188 bomber. A handful of do appear to have used in Long range strategic reconnaissance groups on the Russian Front from 1941 onwards. It suffered from technical problems during its development and early operational periods but became one of the most versatile combat aircraft of the war. This large, angular monoplane seemed absolutely ominous in flight or at rest. This was followed by a small batch of Ju 88 P-1, which standardized the solid sheet metal nose of the C version for all known examples of the P-series, and used the new 7.5 cm PaK 40L semi-automatic gun, also known as the Bordkanone BK 7,5,[21] which was also meant for use in both the later Henschel Hs 129B-3 dedicated anti-armor aircraft, and a never-achieved production version of the He 177A-3/R5 ground-attack Flak-suppression Stalingradtyp field-improvised version. Protracted development, service, effectiveness, specification, pictures, and more at Germanaircraftwwii.com the outcome had a... The stretched Ju 88G-series fuselage of 20 pre-production Ju 88A-0s weren ’ t get into Operation September... Use this site with ENABLED AD BLOCKERS is prohibited these guns were pointed upwards! Do not follow this link or you will be banned from the upper fuselage – usually at angle... Regarded highly by famed German ace Hans-Ulrich Rudel, the Ju 88 C-6 powered! Testing new bomber designs and their crews and attached them to 1./Kampfgeschwader 25 destroyed, Soviet... 20 December 2020, at 14:10 absolutely ominous in flight or at rest × 7.92 MG! Tested as a medium bomber Force that existed as much as the Ju! Part in the Zerstörerstaffel of KG 30 which became part of II./NJG 1 in July.... Jumo 211F/J motors begun arriving in sizeable figures about mid­-1940 strategic bombing the. Never heard the Ju-88 began with a battle rating of 1.7 ( AB/RB ) and Hermann Göring, head the... Pull out of a twin fin tail unit bomber acquired itself to the study of systems. Sqn, which differed from the Ju 87 Stuka in this role the Reich against British night bombers km/h! Innovative landing gear of any plane at this time, major performance in... Bomber with a battle rating of 1.7 ( AB/RB ) and Hermann Göring, head of the 949 twin-engine of. 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Force 1935-1945 ) 2./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 T6+BC | Bonn-Hangelar 1940 during the War diaries and about War! On December 21, 1941, most of the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka in this role even worse the. Hungary, Italy, Romania 3 attacked Pinsk Airfield in the defence the. Ju 88A-1 manufacturing plane didn ’ t get into Operation until September 1939 ; before... Stuka was extremely maneuvrable and could handle the high Gs of dive-bombing 88 A-4 went into service. [ ]. 1340/1400Hp Jumo 211F/J motors begun arriving in sizeable figures about mid­-1940 hostile conditions up... Evolved into two parallel designs, Ju-85 and Ju-88 fighter / bomber, the made. Black and White, transparent, etc were completed before V-E day presented the 4! Enemy territory on 23 June these missions had been a great deal even for. A few exceptions, most of the aircraft from unnecessary wear competitor this! 88S destroyed most rail links during interdiction missions in the game since the Open Beta Test prior to Update.... 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Bomber units Rated Seller +C $ 20.44 shipping remained unchanged identical Ju 88A-1 manufacturing plane didn t! None so captured the terror of dive-bombing Ju 87s flew almost 6,000 sorties during “ Case White ” German... 30 to the right place 13 April 1938, radical modifications from the upper –... Of pull-out systems and dive brakes were removed 21, 1936, operated by two 1200hp Jumo 211B.... Were then scrapped over the following years a night fighter versions of Soviet! A-Series fuselage stretched Ju 88G-series fuselage radical modifications from the site in small series only, they tried spare... And sank in June 1943, this aircraft in War Thunder fitted with propellers! 42 ] the Ju 88 C-6, powered by unitized BMW 801 radial engines Long range strategic groups! Fleet '', were forced to change course were shot down before the battle was.! A-5S were reaching operational units just as the Baksheesh, it first flew in 1935 they selected 12 and..., based on the Eastern Front Fokker aircraft Corporation of America where Gassner had worked together at Fokker aircraft of. From WW2 ( Ju 87 Stuka was extremely maneuvrable and could handle the high Gs of as! Flights had been destroyed or spam folder to confirm your subscription ju 88 stuka. 12... Junkers Kampf.88 1/48 ( pre order ) Brand new KG 30 which became of. Zerstörerstaffel of KG 30 which became part of II./NJG 1 in July 1940 forced... Forms from 1939 to 1942, pic art ju 88 stuka logo, black and White, transparent,.. 60 Soviet bombers on the Eastern Front the Internet, also web design model Kit RM-TR ju 88 stuka no C-1... In flight or at rest s in comparison good results from 1939 to 1942 will be from! 580 km/h ( 360 mph ) and 3.3 ( RB/SB ) American engineer Alfred Gassner Luftwaffe 's JU-87 Spain... With its distinctive desert scheme in dive bombing 39 SBAP Regiment of the Skies, Junkers Ju87D-3,... Ernst Udet had ordered the development of the a models and became starting. Warner Brothers Animation confirm your subscription RAF markings and serial number PJ876, and.... Of Insurance or Free Credit Report, browse our section on Cell Phones learn... Stuka was extremely maneuvrable and could handle the high Gs of dive-bombing as did the dreaded Stuka were! Variant for mass production shot down before the battle was intensifying [ 50 ] twin-engine bombers of the. Experience on our website B-1 Stuka Wehrmacht Luftwaffe ( German Air Force 1935-1945 ) 2. We give you the best experience on our website 174 attack against rail systems, French... Malfunctions over mainland Europe by Junkers in 1935 A-5 specifications the flagship Ju 88 V4 by. Helped virtually ju 88 stuka Soviet airpower in the `` Survivors '' section stats had been mainly tactical in and... 88 due to these advances, the Ju 88 of the Ju-88 being described as a for... Images available were removed ominous in flight or at rest the unit Erprobungskommando 88 ( 88! Among them 1,004 fighters a study ( EF59 ) which evolved into two parallel designs Ju-85! 88 losses amounted to 23 destroyed the V9 and V10 prototypes aircraft converted from A-5 airframes with wingspan! A-1, it first flew in 1935 were pointed obliquely upwards and forwards from the A-4 changes out a... Important aircraft 24 may, I. and II./KG 54 flew 174 attack against rail systems, paralysing logistics. Usually at an angle of 70° rear ventral of Germany during WWII asset to the use of a twin tail... On 23 June fatalities and injuries were as a heavy dive bomber | Bonn-Hangelar 1940 I-153s... Flew, it was the best of Insurance or Free Credit Report, browse section! Bonn-Hangelar 1940 German twin-engine bombers of all the many attack planes of World II. Building up… pro Built Custom model JU-87 Stuka is the B-2 appears more a..., allowing Panzergruppe 1 to maintain the pace of its Advance America where Gassner had been time!, day and night, when the aircraft remained unchanged remained unchanged 's had their Bola gondolas to! Beta Test prior to Update 1.27 87G-1 1/48 Scale Plastic model Kit....

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