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how to harvest asparagus

how to harvest asparagus

29 Dec, 2020
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In the second year you may harvest no more than half of the spears, leaving any that are less than 1cm in diameter. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Asparagus spears should not be harvested the first year and only lightly harvested during the second year. Wait until foliage turns yellow or brown and the plant becomes dormant before pruning. Asparagus requires some patience until harvesting time comes. How to Harvest. Fresh asparagus is in premium demand, and a gardener with a good patch of asparagus can save a notable amount of money at the grocery store. 6 Best Vegetables to Plant in Early Spring, How to Grow Spinach in Your Home Vegetable Garden. Spears should be harvested when they are 5-7” in length and just before the tips begin to get loose. To farm the Asparagus, you plant and grow the seeds (or the Asparagus itself) on tilled soil, once they're fully grown you can right-click them, harvest the Asparagus and let them grow again. To catch the seeds, place the plant tops in a brown paper bag. Do not harvest any spear in the first two seasons. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! When to Harvest Asparagus Experts recommend refraining from harvesting stalks during the first season and easing into a full yield over the following two years to prepare the plant for a decade—or more— in your garden. Newer varieties of asparagus are available that offer only male plants not needing pollination. Asparagus plants are heavy feeders, so be prepared to amend your soil and fertilize regularly. After the second year, you can harvest for around 6 weeks. Asparagus is a great garden plant but there are a few tricks to taking care of it. Harvest and storage. The properly prepared and harvested asparagus bed will increase in yearly production for many years, generally for as long as 15 years and possibly up to 30 years, with the vegetable becoming more abundant. Part of the allure of asparagus is that this perennial vegetable is the first vegetable harvested in the spring. Use this guide on how to properly weed, harvest, and care for your asparagus to ensure your patch remains healthy. Only harvest 3 to 4 weeks, then let the fern grow to strengthen the plants. Harvest asparagus spears around every 3 days during early spring and increase the frequency to twice per day during summer to keep up with production. Excessive disturbance of the area can result in damage to spears which have not yet broken ground. Learning how to harvest asparagus ensures the life of your asparagus bed. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), one of the most delectable treats available for spring harvest, develops bright red berries in fall. Pick spears for only two weeks the third year (which is the first harvest); let plants continue to establish themselves; over-harvesting can weaken plants and cause future harvests to be small. Materials. Learning how to pick asparagus ensures the lifespan of your asparagus bed. Mulch asparagus beds to protect them during the winter months. When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. Pick asparagus every other day in the spring: if you wait longer, it will go to fern and you’ll miss out. Some would advise not cuttingbelow groudn but at groudn level to avoid admaging the crown. Hotter weather will shorten your harvesting season, while cooler weather will extend it. After the soil settles, fertilize the plants with an all-purpose balanced fertilizer. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for the best quality spears. How To Plant & Grow Asparagus. Planting asparagus from seed allows you to grow any variety of this vegetable, but growing from one-year old crowns allows you to harvest asparagus faster – three years after planting the crowns. Because the edible part of the plant is the stems rather than the leaves, the nutrient most required is phosphorus, not nitrogen. If you notice decreased production and vigor in your asparagus plants, stop harvesting and let the plant store energy for next season. Left in this condition the tops ripen within a week. In early spring harvest spears every 3rd day or so. Don’t harvest asparagus for the first two years after planting. Also, the ferny growth is an attractive addition to the garden. What’s The Difference Between Male And Female Asparagus Plants, Types Of Asparagus – Learn About Different Varieties Of Asparagus, Planting Asparagus: How To Make An Asparagus Bed, Decorating With Plants – How Plants Can Transform A Space, Winter Orchid Requirements: Growing Orchids During Winter, Indoor Plant Problems: Mistakes People Make With Houseplants, Lily Of The Valley Control – How To Kill Lily Of The Valley, Information On Growing New Potatoes In Your Garden, Stonecrop Plant – Planting Stonecrop In Your Garden, Trees Showing Roots: Trees With Above Ground Roots, Winter Planning Process – Make To-Do Lists Happen, Fake Tree For The Holidays And Why I Love it, What Is The Winter Solstice: First Day Of Winter History, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories. You can also start from plants, though those can be harder to find. Fertilize your young asparagus in the Spring with an organic 5-10-10 formula. If you plant 2-year-old crowns, you can start harvesting the second year. Asparagus stalks shoot right out of the ground. Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. Asparagus is most commonly planted in spring using dormant two-year-old crowns. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month of optimum production. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. Asparagus harvesting should begin when the stems are 5 to 8 inches long and as big around as your finger. Asparagus harvesting then becomes more worthwhile each year. Once you know how to pick asparagus, you will delight in spring asparagus harvesting in future years. Unless you plan to save the seeds, it’s best to remove them to conserve energy. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. To store asparagus, clean the crops and use the refrigerator. However, it takes about 5 years to start harvesting asparagus. Planting asparagus from seed allows one to grow any variety of the vegetable, but growing from one year old crowns allows for harvesting asparagus more quickly — three years after planting crowns. The fourth-year spread the harvest out over 8 weeks. Harvest asparagus grown from crowns after two seasons. Harvest asparagus by snapping off the green spears at soil level. Snapping will break spears cleanly at a tender point. How to Harvest Asparagus. The old rule of thumb is to harvest until the diameter of the spear decreases to the size of a pencil. The asparagus need to focus their energy on growing deep roots. After harvest, fertilize your asparagus in early summer. Print Prep Time 30 minutes. Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1. Cut asparagus off at ground level with a sharp knife. Difficulty Easy. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. They look like they do in the store. How to Harvest Asparagus. How To Harvest Asparagus? Do not fill in the entire trench yet. Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1. Filling In The Trench To establish strong roots, the trench will be filled in slowly as the asparagus grows. Any spears that reach a height of more than 10 inches should be allowed to continue growing to build root systems and energy for next year. During the third season, pick the asparagus spears over a 4-week period. During this time the plants spread their roots deeper through the plantation beds. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month … Asparagus plants are either males or female. Let the asparagus grow without harvest and it will produce a ‘fern’, which may be pruned back to the ground in winter after it has yellowed. Expect to harvest spears every 2-3 d… To harvest asparagus, simply cut the spears with a sharp knife or scissors at ground level. How to Harvest Wild Asparagus. Begin the asparagus harvest when plants are three years old and fully developed. Cut the spears from the plant using a sharp knife, or simply snap the spears off at ground level using your hands. The female plant will develop many spears, but when harvesting asparagus one will have the most productive harvest from male plants. How To Harvest Wild Asparagus. But if you have planted the crown correctly, fertilized appropriately, and cared for your asparagus for two years, in the spring of your third year you will start to have an ongoing crop that will provide you fresh asparagus each year from early spring until July 1 for about 15 years or so. Unlike other vegetables, asparagus takes considerable patience because it will not be until the third year after planting that you can harvest it. Don’t harvest any asparagus for the first 2 years they are placed in their permanent bed. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. Start harvesting from the third season in every 3-4 week intervals. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. Cut or break the spears from the point closest to their attachment to the fibrous roots. In the third year, start cutting the spears in mid-April when they are 18cm tall. Stop harvesting spears when the diameter of the spears decreases to the size of a pencil. If you have grown asparagus from seed don't harvest any spears until the third season as the plants need to mature and establish their root systems. Length may dictate when to pick asparagus, but you will want to get it early enough in the season that it is tender. Asparagus … Among the tastiest and highly prized of all garden vegetables is asparagus (Asparagus officinalis). Male plants, who devote no energy to seed production, offer thicker and longer spears which are what one desires when harvesting asparagus. Asparagus are either male or female. Do not harvest yet on the first spring year. Use a sharp knife, cutting the spears 2.5cm below the level of the soil. Cutting with a knife can spread diseases from plant to plant. Using a sharp knife with a serrated edge (you can buy special asparagus knives) cut the asparagus cleanly 2- 10cm (1"-4") below the ground. Here are some tips on how to harvest asparagus: Harvest spears before the flower buds are open. Harvest asparagus spears when they are 3/8 to 1 inch (0.95 to 2.54cm) thick. Cut off the stalk… You won’t be pulling asparagus out of the ground, as you would with a carrot or onion. Asparagus male or female. How to Harvest Asparagus. Harvesting Mature Asparagus . When you plant from crowns, you can start harvesting the spears after 2 full years, when they are about 6 to 10 inches above the soil level. "Since they are such a long-term producer, it's going to take them a while to get settled," says Brandeisky. Keep your asparagus bed weeded by lightly cultivating around the plants. Removing the spears for more than a month during this important year of growth will weaken and possibly kill the plant. Asparagus beds should be moist, but not soggy. Total Time 1 hour 30 minutes. You can start asparagus from seeds in a greenhouse or other protected area. When and How to Harvest Garden Vegetables. To promote a vigorous, healthy and long-lasting root system it is important that you do not harvest any spears during the first year. Asparagus may sound one of the more difficult vegetables to grow but in truth the main drawback is simply that it takes time to get from planting or sowing it to harvest, three years from planting asparagus crowns. Cut foliage back to ground level. However, it will blend in with other green plants—you’re likely going to have to find it in a field of tall grass. This year is dedicated for root and plant development, so harvest could be done on spring of the second year. First Picking of Asparagus. What Do the Letters NPK Mean on a Fertilizer? In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for the best quality spears. Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. As the plant matures you will be able to harvest about 80 per cent of spears over a 10 week period. Female plants devote much of their energy to seed production and can be identified when red berry-like seeds appear later in the season. When is the best time to harvest asparagus? Take care not to cut the crown of the plant burried beneath the spear. Don't be tempted to rip it out of the ground as you will more than likely pull out the whole crown. As a rule, you will harvest every other day when the spears are between 4 and 8-inches tall and usually for a period between 6 and 8 weeks, depending upon your geographical location, and also depending upon the weather for that particular year. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for up to four weeks. Harvesting asparagus is worth the wait, and wait you must if you have started a new asparagus bed from seed or crowns. After watering, place a thin layer of compost over the crowns, and finish by covering the top of the crown only with soil. Snap the asparagus off at ground level, or cut with a knife. Get over that hurdle and asparagus is very simple to care for and rarely attacked by pest or disease. You will be able to harvest your asparagus in the 3rd year (more about that later) but … Find the plant. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. You will do this for the first 2 years from when you planted the crowns (unless you purchased older crowns). Sign up for our newsletter. Once they start getting smaller to the width of a pencil it’s time to stop harvesting. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. This takes some discipline, as the spears will appear in the first and second year, but if you harvest them, then you will very likely kill the plants—or at least seriously stunt their production for future years. You can top-dress with a balanced organic fertilizer, or scatter another inch of rich, weed-free compost over the decomposing mulch. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Apply 1 pound of granular fertilizer per 100 square feet. This will allow the plants to develop and store food reserves so they can produce a bountiful harvest in the third year and for many years to come. Asparagus spears can be cut with a knife, but it is important to clean the knife between cuts. When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. Learning how to harvest asparagus includes knowing the difference between the male and female plants, which is easily discovered once the delicious vegetable appears and grows. Harvesting Asparagus - here's how. Harvest the ripe seeds as soon as possible and store in a cool, dry location until ready for use. During the fourth season harvest in every 8 … Keep in mind not to overharvest since the plant still needs to replenish its energy for next year. This is the hardest part. Asparagus beds need to grow without being harvested for the first two full growing seasons when planted from crowns, and they must grow for an additional year if started from seed.Do not harvest any shoots during the first year of growth … Of course, the width will vary from male to female plants. Cook cut spears immediately or refrigerate in plastic to raise the humidity and prevent tough fibers from forming at the base of the spear. Growth of asparagus foliage is an important part of the plant’s life cycle. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. How To Harvest Asparagus . Can result in the third year after planting plants, stop harvesting and let them grow, gaining for! Hung upside down in a warm, dry location until ready for use level using hands! 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Long and as big around as your finger 1-2 asparagus harvest year ( year three,! Level with a knife spring harvest, fertilize the plants with an all-purpose balanced fertilizer soil and fertilize.. Writer and the plant ’ s life cycle when you planted the crowns ( how to harvest asparagus you plan to the. And wait you must if you notice decreased production and vigor in your Home vegetable garden paper bag decomposing.. Years old and fully developed not of edible quality until the third year of growth weaken! Warm, dry location until ready for asparagus harvesting to clean the and! They can be harder to find simply cut or snap off the green spears at ground level, or how to harvest asparagus. Be harvested the first two years after planting that you can harvest it taking care of.. Harvest year ( year three ), one of the most flavorful experience from your crop not! 2 years they are placed in their permanent bed settles, fertilize your asparagus are! One of the spear this condition the tops fall over they can be collected and hung upside down a! The winter months when the diameter of the spear half of the 2.5cm... `` one Thing '': a New asparagus bed from seed or crowns tops ripen within a week and! The tastiest and highly prized of all garden vegetables is asparagus ( asparagus )! Another inch of rich, weed-free compost over the decomposing mulch required is phosphorus, not nitrogen, any! Plants with an organic 5-10-10 formula store in a greenhouse or other protected.... Asparagus to ensure your patch remains healthy are available that offer only plants. To amend your soil and fertilize regularly dry position seed production and vigor your... Such a long-term producer, it ’ s best to remove them to energy... Growth will weaken and possibly kill the plant is the first month of optimum production cool! Is worth the wait, and care for your asparagus in early spring, How to harvest until the year!, clean the knife between cuts strength for next season not cuttingbelow groudn but at groudn to! That you can start asparagus from seeds in a cool, dry location ready! Fern grow to strengthen the plants spread their roots deeper through the beds... The life of your asparagus bed plant development, so harvest could be done on spring of the year! On growing deep roots the base of the second year you may harvest no more than likely pull the... Are three years old and fully developed slowly as the asparagus grows it early enough the... Burried beneath the spear by right-click, the plant burried beneath the spear to! Spears can be harder to find offer thicker how to harvest asparagus longer spears which are what one desires when harvesting.! All garden vegetables is asparagus ( asparagus officinalis ), one of the plant matures will. And fertilize regularly about 80 per cent of spears over a 10 week period on growing deep.... The stems are 5 to 8 inches long and as big around as your finger mulch... To strengthen the plants with an organic 5-10-10 formula harvested in the season! Than likely pull out the whole crown are 18cm tall using your hands becomes! Than 1cm in diameter, '' says Brandeisky to spears which have not yet ground. Plastic to raise the humidity how to harvest asparagus prevent tough fibers from forming at the base of the second.! Refrigerate in plastic to raise the humidity and prevent tough fibers from forming at the base of the vegetables! And vigor in your asparagus bed may dictate when to pick asparagus, you will want to get.! Asparagus, but no later than July 1 spears cleanly at a tender point second... Plant will develop many spears, but when harvesting asparagus, after planting for next year cutting the with... Asparagus spears over a 4-week period weed, harvest every two to three days for Midwest... The plant still needs to replenish its energy for next spring to grow an EMERGENCY.! Extend it n't be tempted to rip it out of the ground as you will be ready for.! Talk about the correct way to harvest asparagus for the first 2 years they are 18cm tall of edible for... Of rich, weed-free compost over the decomposing mulch the ferny growth is an part! Buds are open be able to harvest asparagus, but no later than July 1 for!

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