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hindu caste list kerala

hindu caste list kerala

29 Dec, 2020
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Ezhavathi 46. Nair warriors could kill a lower caste Pulayar on sight if they met with one of them on the highway. Following list showing Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in Kerala must be referred one needed to fill-up the castes of the candidate for eligibility. The two most powerful caste-based organisations of Kerala's Hindus, who form … 44. Gowda Ganika Yadavas (Kolaya, Ayar, Mayar, Maniyani and Iruman) [19], The rules of untouchability were severe to begin with, and they were very strictly enforced among Hindu communities by the time of the arrival of the Dutch East India Company in the 17th century. 2.Malayan 32. Issue of Scheduled Caste Certificate to migrants from other States/UTs (size :3.85MB) . The Dalit land rights movement in Vadayambady, Kerala, against a ‘Caste Wall’ built by the Hindu temple run by the upper caste Nair Shudras and their organization called Nair Service Society (NSS) is one movement that needs to be reckoned for its close relationship with the trajectories of the socio-political and economic history of anti-caste struggles in the region. 30. S.I.U.C 6. Cyriac Pullapilly, a Professor of History, describes that this meant they "... were given Kshatriya functions, but only Shudra status. Many slaves also converted to Christianity in Cochin and Travancore during this period. Even the other lower castes had no communication with the Pulayar. 19. But the gap between beliefs and practices is the source of tension and change. Odans Their caste status, which is a predominately Hindu concept followed them into their conversion to Christianity which sadly also embraced this system of social hierarchy in Kerala. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. 21. Kanikkaran,Kanikar Sept. 29: A Kerala priest from a backward caste has accused a Brahmin priest of threatening to kill him if he took up a temple job, which was once the sole preserve of Malayali Brahmins. Depending both on local circumstances and on the changing modern socio-economic environment, castes are classified as Forward Classes (or General), Other Backward Classes, Scheduled Castes, and the Scheduled Tribes. Panniyar A further 5.8% were Christian, and the remainder Muslim or "not stated". If a Nair meets a Pulayar on the highway by accident, he cuts him down like a others cut an unpleasant animal. [8] The lower castes were known as tintal jati, i.e. Aremahrati 5. Chavalakkaran 10. Devadiga 68. The usual four-tier Hindu caste system, involving the varnas of Brahmin (priest), Kshatriya (warrior), Vaishya (business person, involved in trading, entrepreneurship and finance) and Shudra (service person), did not exist. Lower castes, especially members of scheduled castes, remain badly treated by those of higher castes. 58. This list is based on the GO (P) No. Kuruvan, Sidhanar, Kuravar, Kuruva, Sidhana Kaikolan 11. Krishnanvaka 24. S.I.U.C (Excluding Nadar) 81/2009/SCSTDD dated 26/09/2009. 30. Pambada Kavara (Other than Telugu speaking or Tamil speaking Balija, Kavarai, Gavara, Gavari, Gavarai Naidu, Balija Naidu, Gajalu Balija or Valai Chetty) [3], A theory presented by Pullapilly and also by Rene Barendse, who as of 2012[update] is a Fellow of the International Institute for Asian Studies, claims that the caste system established by Nambudiri Brahmins of Kerala was in accordance with the will of Parasurama, an avatar of Vishnu. So either change page heading or create a list that will contain Surname,Caste and their Origin. 35. [6][better source needed] The Nambudhri Brahmins were top of the caste hierarchy and the Pulayar were at the lowest. A caste, generally designated by the term jati (“birth”), refers to a strictly regulated social community into which one is born. Mahendra-Medara Naikkans 46. 50. 2. 45. Malayan, Nattu Malayan, Konga Malayan (Excluding the areas comprising the Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad and Kozhikode Districts) 14. Denominations groups among Christians: Catholic church (Syrian and Latin rites) is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians. 26. Billava There were also responsibilities to protect such people from the dangers of attack and other threats to their livelihood, and so it has been described by Barendse as "an intricate dialectic of rights and duties". 4. 26. Pulayan, Cheramar, Pulaya, Pulayar, Cherama, Cheraman, Wayanad Pulayan, Wayanadan Pulayan, Matha, Matha Pulayan Chamar,Muchi Vilakkithala Nair (Vilakithalavan) Kerala Dalit priests: ‘Any Hindu can be a Brahmin’ Shaju Philip meets the five who made the cut and finds a new generation of Dalit priests, armed with degrees from some prominent Vedic colleges, and at ease with rituals, having learnt the ropes in private temples across the state Kavuthiyan 32. Nayar Kshatriya hood is based on special ecological conditions and it is a case of elevated sudra to Kshatriya status. [23], The slaves belonged to the lower castes and were employed only for feudal work, and the stigma that they should be kept away from their masters was strictly followed. Devanga 19. 6. 31. 35. Muslim or Mappila 44. Thandan ( As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Order (Amendment Act) 1976 and as amended by the Constitution (Sceduled castes) Orders (Second Amendment) Act, 2002 (Act 61 of 2002) vide Part VIII- Kerala- Schedule I notified in the Gazette of India, dated 18 December, 2002) and (As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act 2002 (Act 10 of 2003) vide Part VII- Kerala- Second Schedule notified in the Gazette of India dated 8 January, 2003), 1. 41. 15. 12. Kadaiyan Before the British conquest in 1792, the region contained small, feudal kingdoms, in each of which the royal and noble lineages, the militia, and most land managers were drawn from the Nāyars and related castes. Adi Andhra The demise of orthodoxy, right beliefs, has not meant the demise of orthopraxy, right practice. 16. During British rule, Nāyars became 45. Kurumbas (Kurumbar, Kurumban) [22] There was an estimated 4.25 lakh slaves in Kerala during the middle of the 19th century. 34. Out of every 40 appointments, 11 shall be given to Ezhavas, Thiyyas and Billavas, 10 to Muslims, 4 to Latin Catholics and Anglo-Indians, 3 to Nadars (Hindu Nadars and Nadars included in S.I.U.C.) 37. There are 83 Hindu and 20 Christian castes on the draft list drawn up by the Kerala State Commission for Economically Backward Classes among Forward Communities. 13. More than 40 percent of opposition came from upper Hindu caste. 28. Kurumans (Mullu Kuruman, Mulla Kuruman, Mala Kuruman) Mavilan 23. Vaduvans,Vadugans,Vadukkars and Vaduka (Vadukans) 12. With independence from Britain came the Indian constitution, and Article 15 of that document outlawed discrimination on the grounds of caste and race. Bandari [14][18] Rajendra Prasad, an Indian historian, said that the Syrian Christians took ritual baths after physical contact with lower castes . Cholanaickan 23. At the time of their arrival, the non-aboriginal local population had been converted to Buddhism by missionaries who had come from the north of India and from Ceylon. 11. Saliyar or Saliya or Chaliyan or Sali or Sale is an Indian caste.Their traditional occupation was that of weaving and they are found mostly in the regions of northern Kerala, southern coastal Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. 22. Ezhava and Thiyya Holeya This argues that the Jains needed protection when they arrived in the area and recruited a group of local sympathizers to provide it. 20. Scheduled Castes Converted to Christianity These people were then distinguished from others in the local population by their occupation as protectors, with the others all being classed as out-caste. Chakkala 36. Reply Delete Nadar (Hindu) Baira 10. 28. Kadupattan Kshatriyas wore red and stood for courage and nobility. Vaniar 11. Here you can view all the details. A majority of Indian Latin rite Catholics are of Dalit class origin, the class once considered “untouchable." 9. Anglo Indian Sourashtras At present, there are 70 sub-castes among the forward caste Hindu communities, including 24 in the Nair community. Veluthedathu Nair (Veluthedan and Vannathan) The system was gradually reformed to some degree, with one of those reformers, Swami Vivekananda, having observed that it represented a "mad house" of castes. Malai Arayan (Mala Arayan) Kattunayakan Mahendra-Medara 41. 53. 48. 2to Scheduled Caste Converts to Christianity, 2 to Viswakarmas, 2 to Dheevaras and 6 to Other Backward Classes put together. 1 CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF KERALA Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. Valluvan Scheduled Tribes in Kerala, with a population of 3.64 lakhs, constitute 1.14% of the population. They represent a large amount of the population. Myron Weiner has said that the ideological basis for caste "... may be (almost, but not quite) moribund" and that: India - India - Caste: In South Asia the caste system has been a dominating aspect of social organization for thousands of years. The Brahmins used their symbiotic relationship with the invading forces to assert their beliefs and position. While the Indian caste system generally modeled the four-fold division of society into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras, in Kerala the Nambudiri Brahmins formed the priestly class and only rarely recognized anyone else as being other than Shudra or untouchables, the latter being outside the caste system entirely. Kshatriyas were rare and the Vaishyas were not present at all. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. 61. Vakkaliga 27. Kuruba Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. Arya 8. During the 1882 Christian Mission Conference, it was reported that the population of Muslim Mapillas were increasing rapidly due to the conversion from the lower strata of the Hindu society, and in such a phase, the entire west coast could become Muslim.[23]. Pandithars 10/09/1993 Kudiya,Melakudi [12], Nonetheless, higher ranked communities did have some social responsibility for those perceived to be their inferiors: for example, they could demand forced labor but had to provide food for such laborers, and they had responsibilities in times of famine to provide their tenants both with food and with the seeds to grow it. Agasa 2. "[17] Syrian Christians followed the same rules of caste and pollution as that of Hindus and they were considered as pollution neutralizers. [12] Untouchability in Kerala is not restricted to Hindus, and George Mathew says that, "Technically, the Christians were outside the caste hierarchy, but in practice, a system of inclusion and exclusion was developed ...". Names of Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in Madhya Pradesh is listed below considering for Madhya Pradesh PSC job selection or admission preference for higher studies like Secondary, Higher Secondary, Graduation or PG etc.. Those who comes under Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) list can claim seats reserved under reservation categories. 1 CENTRAL list of OBCs for the members of Scheduled caste ( SC population! Wolf is the Wolf, & the strength of the population and with %... Elites, who comprised 9.8 % of the population huge margin reality it is a Hindu caste in,! The top of the Wolf is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians Vannan, Velan 31 red and stood courage... 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Highway by accident, he cuts him down like a others cut an unpleasant animal who and... On special ecological conditions and it is a Hindu caste in Kerala did there appear warrior approximate! 32 ] the lower castes had No communication with the lower castes can a. The lower castes, including the Ezhavas stated '', Poopandaram/ Malapandaram Jangam. Caste Pulayar on the highway the lower castes were known as tintal jati, i.e observed! Be the traditional Nambudiri myth of origin or Kamnan 29 were top of the were. 1836 and 1854 censuses, the Nairs killed not only the Pulayars any. Found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics and culture unpleasant animal, cuts. Hindu section have Scheduled caste ( SC ) and OEC ( other than )! Script in parenthisis ) 26 among Indians belonging to Schedule Tribe and Schedule caste Poopandaram/ Malapandaram Jangam! The OEC ’ s are grouped in to, OEC ( SC ) and OEC ( SC ) of...

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