Approaches to Multicultural Curriculum Reform James A. Importance of Multicultural Curriculum to Preschoolers. Abstract. What is Multicultural Approach? multicultural curriculum Multicultural education recognizes that all children enrich the culture of the classroom through the diversity of their many origins, beliefs, values, and first languages. The evidence paints a clear picture: students who attend diverse public schools learn more, exhibit less racial prejudice, and report higher overall self-confidence. Four Approaches to Multicultural Curriculum Reform. Definition of Multicultural Approach: Contributes to the creation of a multicultural environment, which is designed to educate the professionalism of students in its cultural identification by introducing them to the national and universal culture. In multicultural communities, people retain, pass down, celebrate, and share their unique cultural ways of life, languages, art, traditions, and behaviors. Multicultural education encourages this process by helping us all to see the world in a different way. multicultural education classes, like Mexican American Studies courses. This is a complex issue and one that universities are addressing with new degree programs and concentrations. Road Blocks to Implementing Multicultural Education Contrary to popular belief, multicultural education is more than cultural awareness, but rather an initiative to encompass all under-represented groups (people of color, women, people with disabilities, etc) and to ensure curriculum and content including such groups is accurate and complete. Developing multicultural curriculum can be as easy as adding a little salt to your soup with a simple addition, to as much work as putting more meat and potatoes in your soup with larger changes. In the year 2000, people of color-such as African Americans, Latinos, and Asian Americans-made up 28 percent of the U.S. population. Having a diverse student body may pose some challenges, but it also has many benefits wherein the students will learn beyond the walls of a classroom — from one another. Approoches to Multicultural Curriculum Reform James A. Banks THE MAINSTREAM-CENTRIC CURRICULUM The United States is made up of many different racial, ethnic, religious, language, and cul- tural groups. The problem with multicultural education is that many feel that by celebrating Martin Luther King Jr. and Cinco de Mayo by reading the biography or eating tacos and enchiladas. A multicultural classroom can be considered as a melting pot of diverse cultures and countries. Multicultural music education is both the teaching of music from diverse cultures as well as teaching students from diverse cultural backgrounds. At its core, multicultural education fosters equality, justice, and equity, and it establishes the reality of philosophical ideals in classroom environments. Multicultural education values different student cultures and prepares students to thrive in a diverse world. Background 2.1 What is a national curriculum? In his listing of “Key Characteristics of a Multicultural Curriculum,” Gorski explains that creating a truly multicultural curriculum includes changes to the following within the classroom: • Teacher delivery must address different learning styles and perspectives and challenge typical power dynamics in … This is incorporated by selecting books and activities that celebrate holidays, heroes, and special events from various cultures. Multicultural education is a term used to describe educational practices that include race, class, and gender, along with disability, sexual orientation, language, and religion (Sleeter & Grant, 1994). This is a simple way of letting them experience how the world unites as one. Banks THE MAINSTREAM.CENTRIC CURRICULUM The United States is made up of many different racial, ethnic, religious, language, and cul-rural groups. A multicultural curriculum exposes students to various cultural values through activities, lectures, discussions, etc. Multicultural Literacy Is a Separate and Necessary Literacy. The arguments regarding the perceived rights to a multicultural education include the proposition that it acts as a way to demand recognition of aspects of a group's culture subordination and its entire experience in contrast to a melting pot or non-multicultural societies. Proponents of multicultural curriculum argue that students of color see the schools' curricula as being less relevant and not reflective of their own cultures. Multicultural classroom is the acceptance of all races, religions and cultures by the teachers and the students. See also: Top 20 Most Innovative Master’s in Special Education Degrees While many have well intended behaviors, many lack the knowledge base of multicultural education. tural diversity in the curriculum and also by examining the extent to which Curriculum 2000 meets the needs of minority ethnic and, indeed, all pupils in multicultural Britain. The United Nations celebration is included in the curriculum. • curriculum orientation – pedagogy and resources • language development • early childhood education staff – recruitment and professional development Access to and enrollment in early childhood education services It seems only logical that the first precondition for multicultural education is Multicultural education is an idea, an educational reform movement, and a process (Banks, 1997). This raises the question, what exactly is multicultural education and does this curriculum positively or negatively affect the students; I assert that multicultural education benefits students. This approach reflects the least amount of involvement in multicultural education approaches. In some districts, it means a distinction in the ethnicity or gender of a particular class of students. One of these is multicultural literacy, the ability to uncover biases relating to culture, and the skills to view the … Multicultural music education developed from three distinct, yet interconnected fields, music education, multicultural education, and … The Contributions Approach. The most crucial difference between a multicultural curriculum and an anti-bias curriculum is the age of the audience. Preparing teachers to use multicultural education principles is a dilemma facing many early childhood programs. As an idea, multicultural education seeks to create equal educational opportunities for all students, including those from different racial, ethnic, and social-class groups. Anti-bias education in early childhood Children are quick learners and are very aware of differences in color, physical ability, gender and language at a very young age. Some have a K-12 focus, but many of the ideas can be adapted for higher education. Since in a multicultural classroom, students from various ethnic, language and social backgrounds study together from the same prospectus, making everyone understand the subject is difficult. Multicultural education is a progressive approach for transforming education based on educational equality and social justice. Advocates Here's a list of a few sources that are good introductions to culturally responsive and inclusive curriculum and pedagogy. In the Australian Curriculum: Work Studies, Years 9–10, students are given opportunities to explore similarities and differences in cultural values, beliefs and practices in the context of work and enterprise and reflect on intercultural experiences. This article will: a) discuss the need for multicultural education in … While all of these touch on the definition of multicultural education, none of these definitions speaks to the complexity of the term or curriculum. 2. Multicultural education entered the spotlight in the early 1970s, following the civil rights movement's initiative for change in the education system. 2. The concept of “literacy” is broad. As the word multicultural suggests, it means ‘relating to or containing several culture or ethnic groups within a society. (The terms “African American” and “Black” are used interchangeably throughout this chapter.) Branche, Jerome., Mullennix, John W, and Cohn, Ellen R. Diversity across the Curriculum : A Guide for Faculty in Higher Education. Without strong administrative support, an all-encompassing curriculum and school policies that support and encourage multicultural efforts, some students might feel alienated. Sometimes what we may think is the best solution to a problem really isn’t because of what other cultures have already discovered. Preschoolers must have a basic knowledge of multicultural awareness at an early age. In this era of globalization, multiculturalism is a very common existence in … What is multicultural education? In this study, I sought to understand an African American teacher’s curriculum development and teaching in a suburban (mostly White) high school. 3. It is an easy way to begin vocational training. The components required in educating a multicultural education are content integrations, prejudice reduction, empowering school culture and social culture. Children have stories, songs, dances, art traditions, celebrations beliefs, and values and first languages. It also develops a sense of respect amongst classmates. It allows students to identify cultural as well as physical differences. There is a chance that teachers may struggle to figure out how thoroughly the … Multicultural Curriculum Core Curriculum Multicultural Curriculum A common course of study for all students. Still, it can be divided into many different sub-categories. Multicultural definition: Multicultural means consisting of or relating to people of many different nationalities... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In the year 2000, people of color-such as African Americans, Latinos, and fuian Americans-made "p 6 percent of the U.S. population. The term multicultural education is used to describe a variety of practices within curriculum and classroom instruction. What Is Multicultural Education? Curriculum creators are also wrestling with the challenge of building programs to teach Multicultural Special Education.
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